Why We Need to Move Away from SMART Goals and Towards New Forms of...


Why We Need to Move Away from SMART Goals and Towards New Forms of Classroom Assessment

By Jeremy Murphy     Aug 4, 2016

Why We Need to Move Away from SMART Goals and Towards New Forms of Classroom Assessment

This article is part of the guide: Going Back to School With the 2016 EdSurge Fifty States Project.

Every new school year breathes new life into my professional career. After a summer of relaxation and self-directed professional development (which is the most important type of PD), I’m ready to return to my classroom to help students discover and refine new skills.

While that may be the case again this year, I also find myself becoming increasingly unsettled as my career progresses. My uneasiness is a culmination of years of reflection on my classroom mission.

My district has taken on new initiatives the past few years (as all districts do) to solve the well-documented, disconnected nature between high school graduates and workplace preparedness. One emphasis has been allowing teachers to communicate with business professionals in the area, discussing the skills they most want to see in potential employees and focusing on the four C’s (critical thinking, collaboration, creativity and communication). Another emphasis is more data-driven and focused on curriculum continuity and viability. We have aligned English Language Arts curriculum to the North Dakota Common Core State Standards, and redesigned units to address possible gaps. We have created common unit assessments, focusing on what we believe to be the most important standards, and we are required to meet and discuss assessment results to evaluate our teaching effectiveness.

The reconfiguring and implementation of these two areas—curriculum and assessment—undoubtedly costs money and time. However, these initiatives are becoming increasingly contradictory.

The research and literature discussing skill-building for today’s workforce mostly address the same reality: schools are missing the most important factors for encouraging future success. In his book Why School?, Will Richardson argues that schools are becoming obsolete. He says we are still operating under an “old world” system when teachers and information were scarce, instead of the current abundance of information that is reality. He says we should be focusing on... “preparing students to be learners, above all, who can successfully wield the abundance at their fingertips… a kind of schooling that prepares students for the world they will live in, not the one in which most of us grew up.”

But instead of creating “learners”, it feels like we are putting an emphasis on the most assessable skills—not the most important.

Every year, teachers in my district are required to create a learning goal for students for the purpose of evaluating our own professional growth. Of course, like many districts across the country, it needs to fit the parameters of a SMART goal (specific, measurable, attainable, realistic and timely). We are told to look at the skills we value most at our grade level and attempt to build student growth.

I struggled to find ways to measure the most valuable skills I wanted students to attain. This struggle was multi-faceted: 1) the goal window had to consist of 60 school days, or one-third of the year, 2) we needed the assessment to be uniform throughout our grade level and 3) it had to be an important skill set.

As the graph below represents, the most important skills are the most difficult to assess, especially given the time parameters set forth by a SMART goal.

A year ago in the fall of 2015, my team settled on improving students’ comma usage to 80 percent proficiency, but I can barely type that out without getting bored at just the thought of such a “goal.” Ironically enough, an administrator rejected it and explained that “comma usage did not seem like something we have a passion for,” which is 100 percent correct. Unfortunately, all the areas we are passionate about are difficult to assess given the SMART goal parameters: critical thinking, resiliency, empathy, curiosity, creativity, etc. To appease the process, we broadened the goal and focused more on student growth, rather than students reaching proficiency. It was still a “basic skill” on the “less important” side of the scale, but definitely easier to provide a uniform, viable assessment.

The process reminded me of a post from a couple of years ago by educator Dean Shareski, where he wrote:

“I’m not anti-measurement. I’m anti-simple. It’s the same reason I hated SMART goals. When the concept was first introduced to me as a teacher, it seemed to make sense. You can’t improve what you can’t measure I was told. However, in all the years I was subjected to that idea, I don’t think I ever wrote one that I cared about.”

Like Shareski, I believe in accountability and student growth, but it should be more flexible to meet the needs of today’s learners.

We need to align our purpose. We can’t continue to restrict student assessments to a simplified, out-dated system and expect to prepare them for an ever-changing employment environment of complexity and “abundance.”

In his book, Richardson refers to the National Council of Teachers of English (NCTE) definition of 21st Century Literacies. He argues that the majority of students today are graduating “illiterate” by these standards. It is hard to disagree when we are required to narrow our focus to meet a restricting criteria.

It won’t be as simple or cut-and-dry as SMART goals, but we should look at systems that evaluate today’s 21st Century literacies. This also means examining a self-directed professional development approach and a longer, messier process to measure professional effectiveness.

In the end, this will allow us to evaluate whether we are really developing “learners.” It will provide more meaningful results that will have an impact on student learning for years to come.

Jeremy Murphy (@mr_jmurphy) is a journalism and English teacher at West Fargo High School in West Fargo, North Dakota. This article was adapted from one of Murphy's earlier posts on his blog.

This post is part of the EdSurge Fifty States Project (representing the state of North Dakota). The project is supported in part by the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation. The thoughts and opinions expressed here are those of the individual contributors alone and do not reflect the views of the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation.

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